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Assignment 3 Binary Search Tree and AVL Tree

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CSCE 221
Programming Assignment 3
Binary Search Tree and AVL Tree
Approved Includes
Code Coverage
Starter Code
Files to Submit
Task 1
Requirements
Files
Class
Functions (public)
Optional
Example
Example Output
Task 2
Requirements
Files
Class
Functions (public)
Optional
Example
Example Output
Bigger Example of Print Tree
Bigger Example Output
How To Measure Coverage with Gcov
Compile with coverage
Run
Generate coverage report
View coverage report
Identify lines which are not covered
Clean up before next measurement
CSCE 221 Spring 2021
Approved Includes
<cstddef>
<iostream>
<sstream>
<stdexcept>
<utility>
“avl_tree.h”
“binary_search_tree.h”
Code Coverage
You must submit a test suite for each task that, when run, covers at least 90% of your code. You should,
at a minimum, invoke every function at least once. Best practice is to also check the actual behavior
against the expected behavior, e.g. verify that the result is correct.
Your test suite should include ALL tests that you wrote and used, including tests you used for debugging.
You should have MANY tests (about 3-4 times as many lines of test code as you have lines of functional
code).
Starter Code
avl_tree.h
avl_tree_tests.cpp
binary_search_tree.h
binary_search_tree_tests.cpp
build_a_tree.cpp
compile_test.cpp
Makefile
You should not modify build_a_tree.cpp.
Files to Submit
avl_tree.h
avl_tree_tests.cpp
binary_search_tree.h
binary_search_tree_tests.c
CSCE 221 Spring 2021
Task 1
Implement a binary search tree.
Requirements
Files
binary_search_tree.h – contains the template definitions
binary_search_tree_tests.cpp – contains the test cases and test driver (main)
Class
template <typename Comparable>
class BinarySearchTree;
Functions (public)
BinarySearchTree() – makes an empty tree
+–Rule of Three—————————————————-+
| BinarySearchTree(const BinarySearchTree&) – copy constructor |
| ~BinarySearchTree() – destructor | |
| BinarySearchTree& operator=(const BinarySearchTree&) – copy assignment operator |
+————————————————————————–+
bool contains(const Comparable&) const – returns Boolean true if the specified value is in the
tree
void insert(const Comparable&) – insert the given value into the tree
void remove(const Comparable&) – remove the specified value from the tree (replace with
minimum of right child tree when value’s node has two children)
const Comparable& find_min() const – return the minimum value in the tree or throw
std::invalid_argument if the tree is empty
const Comparable& find_max() const – return the maximum value in the tree or throw
std::invalid_argument if the tree is empty
void print_tree(std::ostream&=std::cout) const – pretty print the tree (rotated 90 degrees
anti-clockwise, two spaces per level; see example below) to the specified output stream (default
std::cout). Print “<empty>\n” if the tree is empty.
Optional
BinarySearchTree(BinarySearchTree&&) – move constructs a copy of the given (rvalue) tree
BinarySearchTree& operator=(BinarySearchTree&&) – move assigns a copy of the given
(rvalue) tree
bool is_empty() const – returns Boolean true if the tree is empty
void insert(Comparable&&) – insert the given rvalue into the tree using move semantics
void make_empty() – remove all values from the tree
CSCE 221 Spring 2021
Example
// make an empty tree
BinarySearchTree<int> tree;
// insert 5 values into the tree
tree.insert(6);
tree.insert(4);
tree.insert(2);
tree.insert(8);
tree.insert(10);
// search the tree
std::cout << “contains 4? ” << std::boolalpha << tree.contains(4) <<
std::endl;
std::cout << “contains 7? ” << std::boolalpha << tree.contains(7) <<
std::endl;
// remove the root
tree.remove(6);
// find the minimum element
std::cout << “min: ” << tree.find_min() << std::endl;
// find the maximum element
std::cout << “max: ” << tree.find_max() << std::endl;
// print the tree
std::cout << “tree: ” << std::endl;
tree.print_tree();
Example Output
contains 4? true
contains 7? false
min: 2
max: 10
tree:
10
8
4
2
CSCE 221 Spring 2021
Task 2
Implement an AVL tree (auto-balancing binary search tree).
Requirements
Files
avl_tree.h – contains the template definitions
avl_tree_tests.cpp – contains the test cases and test driver (main)
Class
template <typename Comparable>
class AVLTree;
Functions (public)
AVLTree() – makes an empty tree
+–RUle of Three—————————————–+
| AVLTree(const AVLTree&) – copy constructor |
| ~AVLTree() – destructor |
| AVLTree& operator=(const AVLTree&) – copy assignment operator |
+——————————————————–+
bool contains(const Comparable&) const – returns Boolean true if the specified value is in the
tree
void insert(const Comparable&) – insert the given value into the tree
void remove(const Comparable&) – remove the specified value from the tree (replace with
minimum of right child tree when value’s node has two children)
const Comparable& find_min() const – return the minimum value in the tree or throw
std::invalid_argument if the tree is empty
const Comparable& find_max() const – return the maximum value in the tree or throw
std::invalid_argument if the tree is empty
void print_tree(std::ostream&=std::cout) const – pretty print the tree (rotated 90 degrees
anti-clockwise, two spaces per level; see example below) to the specified output stream (default
std::cout). Print “<empty>\n” if the tree is empty.
Optional
AVLTree(AVLTree&&) – move constructs a copy of the given (rvalue) tree
AVLTree& operator=(AVLTree&&) – move assigns a copy of the given (rvalue) tree
bool is_empty() const – returns Boolean true if the tree is empty
void insert(Comparable&&) – insert the given rvalue into the tree using move semantics
void make_empty() – remove all values from the tree
CSCE 221 Spring 2021
Example
// make an empty tree
AVLTree<int> tree;
// insert 5 values into the tree
tree.insert(6);
tree.insert(4);
tree.insert(2);
tree.insert(8);
tree.insert(10);
// search the tree
std::cout << “contains 4? ” << std::boolalpha << tree.contains(4) <<
std::endl;
std::cout << “contains 7? ” << std::boolalpha << tree.contains(7) <<
std::endl;
// remove the root
tree.remove(4);
// find the minimum element
std::cout << “min: ” << tree.find_min() << std::endl;
// find the maximum element
std::cout << “max: ” << tree.find_max() << std::endl;
// print the tree
std::cout << “tree: ” << std::endl;
tree.print_tree();
Example Output
contains 4? true
contains 7? false
min: 2
max: 10
tree:
10
8
6
2
CSCE 221 Spring 2021
Bigger Example of Print Tree
int A[] = {63, 41, 76, 93, 66, 5, 10, 57, 8, 79, 29, 14, 73, 56, 54, 87, 60,
22, 23, 90};
BinarySearchTree<int> tree;
for (size_t index = 0; index < 20;; index++) {
tree.insert(A[index]);
}
tree.print_tree();
Bigger Example Output
93
90
87
79
76
73
66
63
60
57
56
54
41
29
23
22
14
10
8
5
(a) What you see on the console (b) What you see in your mind
CSCE 221 Spring 2021
How To Measure Coverage with Gcov
Compile with coverage
g++ -std=c++17 -g –coverage <source files>
Run
./a.out
Generate coverage report
gcov -mr <source file>
View coverage report
cat <source file>.gcov
‘-’ means the line is not executable (does not count for coverage)
‘#####’ means the line is executable but was executed 0 times
‘126’ means the line was executed 126 times
Identify lines which are not covered
grep “#####” <source file>.gcov
Clean up before next measurement
rm -f *.gcov *.gcno *.gcda

Assignment 3 Binary Search Tree and AVL Tree
$30.00
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