Homework 3 Hard-Coding a Network


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Homework 3

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Weekly homeworks are individual work. See the Course Information handout2
for detailed policies.
1. Hard-Coding a Network. [2pts] In this problem, you need to find a set of weights and
biases for a multilayer perceptron which determines if a list of length 4 is in sorted order.
More specifically, you receive four inputs x1, . . . , x4, where xi ∈ R, and the network must
output 1 if x1 < x2 < x3 < x4, and 0 otherwise. You will use the following architecture:
All of the hidden units and the output unit use a hard threshold activation function:
φ(z) = 
1 if z ≥ 0
0 if z < 0
Please give a set of weights and biases for the network which correctly implements this function
(including cases where some of the inputs are equal). Your answer should include:
• A 3 × 4 weight matrix W(1) for the hidden layer
• A 3-dimensional vector of biases b
(1) for the hidden layer
• A 3-dimensional weight vector w(2) for the output layer
• A scalar bias b
(2) for the output layer
You do not need to show your work.
CSC321 Winter 2018 Homework 3
2. Backprop. Consider a neural network with N input units, N output units, and K hidden
units. The activations are computed as follows:
z = W(1)x + b
h = σ(z)
y = x + W(2)h + b
where σ denotes the logistic function, applied elementwise. The cost will involve both h and
E = R + S
R = r
S =
ky − sk
for given vectors r and s.
• [1pt] Draw the computation graph relating x, z, h, y, R, S, and E.
• [3pts] Derive the backprop equations for computing x = ∂E/∂x. You may use σ
denote the derivative of the logistic function (so you don’t need to write it out explicitly).
3. Sparsifying Activation Function. [4pts] One of the interesting features of the ReLU
activation function is that it sparsifies the activations and the derivatives, i.e. sets a large
fraction of the values to zero for any given input vector. Consider the following network:
Note that each wi refers to the weight on a single connection, not the whole layer. Suppose
we are trying to minimize a loss function L which depends only on the activation of the
output unit y. (For instance, L could be the squared error loss 1
(y − t)
.) Suppose the unit
h1 receives an input of -1 on a particular training case, so the ReLU evaluates to 0. Based
only on this information, which of the weight derivatives
are guaranteed to be 0 for this training case? Write YES or NO for each. Justify your

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