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Project: Cloud Storage – Part 2

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Project: Cloud Storage – Part 2 Page 1 of 8
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Deliverables
Your project files should be submitted to Web-CAT by the due date and time specified. Note that
there is also an optional Skeleton Code assignment which will indicate level of coverage your tests
have achieved (there is no late penalty since the skeleton code assignment is ungraded for this
project). The files you submit to skeleton code assignment may be incomplete in the sense that
method bodies have at least a return statement if applicable or they may be essentially completed
files. In order to avoid a late penalty for the project, you must submit your completed code files to
Web-CAT no later than 11:59 PM on the due date for the completed code assignment. If you are
unable to submit via Web-CAT, you should e-mail your project Java files in a zip file to your TA
before the deadline. Test files are not required for this project. If submitted, you will be able to see
your code coverage, but this will not be counted as part of your grade.
Files to submit to Web-CAT (test files are optional):
From Cloud Storage – Part 1
• CloudStorage.java
• DedicatedCloud.java, DedicatedCloudTest.java
• SharedCloud.java, SharedCloudTest.java
• PublicCloud.java, PublicCloudTest.java
• PersonalCloud.java, PersonalCloudTest.java
New in Cloud Storage – Part 2
• MonthlyCostComparator.java, MonthlyCostComparatorTest.java
• CloudStorageList.java, CloudStorageListTest.java
• CloudStoragePart2.java, CloudStoragePart2Test.java
Recommendations
You should create new folder for Part 2 and copy your relevant Part 1 source and optional test files to
it. You should create a jGRASP project with these files in it, and then add the new source and
optional test files as they are created.
Specifications – Use arrays in this project; ArrayLists are not allowed!
Overview: This project is the second of three that will involve the monthly cost and reporting for
cloud storage. In Part 1 you developed Java classes that represent categories of cloud storage
including dedicated cloud storage and shared cloud storage (both public and personal cloud storage.
In Part 2, you will implement three additional classes: (1) MonthlyCostComparator that implements
the Comparator interface for CloudStorage, (2) CloudStorageList that represents a list of cloud
storage objects and includes several specialized methods, and (3) CloudStoragePart2 which contains
the main method for the program. Note that the main method in CloudStoragePart2 should create a
CloudStorageList object and then call the readFile method on the CloudStorageList object, which will
add cloud storage objects to the list as the data is read in from a file. You can use CloudStoragePart2
in conjunction with interactions by running the program in a jGRASP canvas (or debugger with a
breakpoint) and single stepping until the variables of interest are created. You can then enter
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interactions in the usual way. In addition to the source files, you may create an optional JUnit test file
for each class and write one or more test methods to ensure the classes and methods meet the
specifications. You should create a jGRASP project upfront and then add the new source and
optional test files as they are created. All of your files should be in a single folder.
• CloudStorage.java
Requirements and Design: In addition to the specifications in Part 1, the CloudStorage class
should implement the Comparable interface for CloudStorage, which means the following
method must be implemented in CloudStorage.
o compareTo: Takes a CloudStorage object as a parameter and returns an int indicating
the results of comparing the two CloudStorage objects based on their respective name
fields ignoring case.
• DedicatedCloud, SharedCloud, PublicCloud, and PersonalCloud
Requirements and Design: No changes from the specifications in Part 1.
• CloudStorageList.java
Requirements: The CloudStorageList class provides methods for reading in the data file and
generating reports.
Design: The CloudStorageList class has fields, a constructor, and methods as outlined below.
(1) Fields: (1) An array of CloudStorage objects and (2) an array of String elements to hold
invalid records read from the data file. [The second array will be used in Part 3.] Note that
there are no fields for the number elements in each array. In this project, the size of the array
should be the same as the number of CloudStorage objects in the array. These two fields
should be private.
(2) Constructor: The constructor has no parameters and initializes the CloudStorage array and
String array in the fields to arrays of length 0.
(3) Methods: Usually a class provides methods to access and modify each of its instance
variables (i.e., getters and setters) along with any other required methods. The methods for
CloudStorageList are described below.
o getCloudStorageArray returns an array of type CloudStorage representing the
CloudStorage array field.
o getInvalidRecordsArray returns an array of type String representing the invalid
records array field.
o addCloudStorage has no return value, accepts a CloudStorage object, increases the
capacity of the CloudStorage array by one, and adds the CloudStorage object in the last
position of the CloudStorage array. See Hints on last page.
o addInvalidRecord has no return value, accepts a String, increases the capacity of
the invalidRecords array by one, and adds the String in the last position of the
invalidRecords array. This method will be used in the next project, but it still needs to be
tested in this project. See Hints on last page.
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o readFile has no return value, accepts the data file name as a String, and throws
FileNotFoundException. This method creates a Scanner object to read in the file one line
at a time. When a line is read, a separate Scanner object on the line should be created to
read the values in that line. The data in each line is separated by a comma so the
delimiter should be set to comma by invoking the useDelimiter(“,”) method on
the Scanner object for the line. For each line read in, the appropriate CloudStorage object
is created and added to the CloudStorage array field, or if not a valid category code, the
line should be ignored. The data file has comma-delimited text records as follows:
category, name, base storage cost, followed by one or more fields specific to the category.
Remember, DedicatedCloud, SharedCloud, PublicCloud, and PersonalCloud objects are
all CloudStorage objects. The category codes are D for DedicatedCloud, S for
SharedCloud, C for PublicCloud, and P for PersonalCloud. Any other category code is
invalid. Below are examples data records:
D,Cloud One,40.00,10.00
S,Cloud Two,9.0,12.0,20.0
S,Cloud Three,9.0,25.0,20.0
C,Cloud Four,9.0,25.0,20.0
Z,Cloud Zero,20.0,15.0,10.0
P,Cloud Five,9.0,21.0,20.0
o generateReport processes the CloudStorage array using the original order from the
file to produce the Monthly Cloud Storage Report and then returns the report as String.
See example result in output for CloudStoragePart2 beginning on page 5.
o generateReportByName sorts the CloudStorage array by its natural ordering, and
processes the CloudStorage array to produce the Monthly Cloud Storage Report (by
Name), then returns the report as a String. See example result in output for
CloudStoragePart2 beginning on page 5.
o generateReportByMonthlyCost sorts the CloudStorage array by monthly cost,
and processes the CloudStorage array to produce the Monthly Cloud Storage Report (by
Monthly Cost) and then returns the report as String. See example result in output for
CloudStoragePart2 beginning on page 5.
Code and Test: See examples of file reading and sorting (using Arrays.sort) in the class notes.
The natural sorting order is based on a cloud storage object’s name and is determined by the
compareTo method when the Comparable interface is implemented. The following call to
Arrays.sort can be used to sort the CloudStorage array in generateReportByName above.
Arrays.sort(getCloudStoragesArray());
The sorting order based on a cloud storage monthly cost is determined by the
MonthlyCostComparator class which implements the Comparator interface (described below).
Arrays.sort(getCloudStorageArray(), new MonthlyCostComparator());
If you have an optional test file with test methods for the generate reports methods above, you
may want to use the following assertion to avoid having to match the return result exactly (where
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the expected_result is part of what you think it should contain and the actual_result is the result of
the method call.
Assert.assertTrue(actual_result.contains(expected_result));
• MonthlyCostComparator.java
Requirements and Design: The MonthlyCostComparator class implements the Comparator
interface for CloudStorage objects. Hence, it implements the method compare(CloudStorage
c1, CloudStorage c2) that defines the ordering from highest to lowest based on the cloud
storage monthly cost. See examples in class notes.
• CloudStoragePart2.java
Requirements: The CloudStoragePart2 class contains the main method for running the program.
Design: The CloudStoragePart2 class is the driver class and has a main method described below.
o main accepts a file name as a command line argument, creates a CloudStorageList
object, and then invokes its methods to read the file and process the cloud storage records
and then to generate and print the three reports as shown in the example output beginning
on page 5. If no command line argument is provided, the program should indicate this
and end as shown in the first example output on page 5. An example data file can be
downloaded from the assignment page in Canvas.
Code and Test: If you have an optional test file for the CloudStoragePart2 class, you should
have at least two test methods for the main method. One test method should invoke
CloudStoragePart2.main(args) where args is an empty String array, and the other test method
should invoke CloudStoragePart2.main(args) where args[0] is the String representing the data file
name. Depending on how you implemented the main method, these two methods should cover the
code in main. As for the assertion in the test method, since COST_FACTOR is a public class
variable in SharedCloud, you could assert that SharedCloud.COST_FACTOR equals 1.0 in
each test method.
In the first test method, you can invoke main with no command line argument as follows:
// If you are checking for args.length == 0
// in CloudStoragePart2, the following should exercise
// the code for true.
String[] args1 = {}; // an empty String[]
CloudStoragePart2.main(args1);
In the second test method, you can invoke main as follows with the file name as the first (and only)
command line argument:
String[] args2 = {” cloud_storage_data_1.csv”};
Project: Cloud Storage – Part 2 Page 5 of 8
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// args2[0] is the file name
CloudStoragePart2.main(args2);
If Web-CAT complains the default constructor for CloudStoragePart2 has not been covered,
you may want to include the following line of code in one of your test methods to exercise the
constructor.
// to exercise the default constructor
CloudStoragePart2 app = new CloudStoragePart2();
Notes:
1. Passing in command line arguments in jGRASP – On the top menu, click “Build” then turn on
“Run Arguments” by clicking the associated checkbox. Now you can enter the arguments (e.g.,
the filename) in the Run Arguments text box at the top of the edit window containing the main
method. Finally, run or debug the program in the usual way.
2. To run the program with no command line argument, either delete the text entered above.
Alternatively, click “Build” then turn off “Run Arguments” by clicking the associated checkbox.
Then run or debug the program in the usual way.
3. You can also test your program using your own data files.
Example Output when file name is missing as command line argument
MM«M —-jGRASP exec: java CloudStoragePart2
MM§MFile name expected as command line argument.
MM§MProgram ending.
MM§M
MM©M —-jGRASP: operation complete.
Example Output for cloud_storage_data_1.csv
MM«M —-jGRASP exec: java CloudStoragePart2 cloud_storage_data_1.csv
MM§M——————————-
MM§MMonthly Cloud Storage Report
MM§M——————————-
MM§MCloud One (class DedicatedCloud) Monthly Cost: $50.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $40.00
MM§MServer Cost: $10.00
MM§M
MM§MCloud Two (class SharedCloud) Monthly Cost: $9.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 12.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 0.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 1.0
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– Part 2 Page
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MM§M
MM§MCloud Three (class SharedCloud) Monthly Cost: $14.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 25.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 5.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 1.0
MM§M
MM§MCloud Four (class PublicCloud) Monthly Cost: $19.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 25.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 5.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 2.0
MM§M
MM§MCloud Five (class PersonalCloud) Monthly Cost: $12.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 21.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 1.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 3.0
MM§M
MM§M—————————————–
MM§MMonthly Cloud Storage Report (by Name)
MM§M—————————————–
MM§MCloud Five (class PersonalCloud) Monthly Cost: $12.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 21.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 1.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 3.0
MM§M
MM§MCloud Four (class PublicCloud) Monthly Cost: $19.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 25.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 5.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 2.0
MM§M
MM§MCloud One (class DedicatedCloud) Monthly Cost: $50.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $40.00
MM§MServer Cost: $10.00
MM§M
MM§MCloud Three (class SharedCloud) Monthly Cost: $14.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 25.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 5.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 1.0
MM§M
MM§MCloud Two (class SharedCloud) Monthly Cost: $9.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 12.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
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MM§MOverage: 0.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 1.0
MM§M
MM§M————————————————-
MM§MMonthly Cloud Storage Report (by Monthly Cost)
MM§M————————————————-
MM§MCloud One (class DedicatedCloud) Monthly Cost: $50.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $40.00
MM§MServer Cost: $10.00
MM§M
MM§MCloud Four (class PublicCloud) Monthly Cost: $19.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 25.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 5.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 2.0
MM§M
MM§MCloud Three (class SharedCloud) Monthly Cost: $14.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 25.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 5.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 1.0
MM§M
MM§MCloud Five (class PersonalCloud) Monthly Cost: $12.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 21.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 1.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 3.0
MM§M
MM§MCloud Two (class SharedCloud) Monthly Cost: $9.00
MM§MBase Storage Cost: $9.00
MM§MData Stored: 12.000 GB
MM§MData Limit: 20.000 GB
MM§MOverage: 0.000 GB
MM§MCost Factor: 1.0
MM§M
MM§M
MM©M —-jGRASP: operation complete.
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Hints
1. Adding an element to a full array in your addCloudStorage and addInvalidRecord methods
– Consider the example below where MyType[] myArray is an instance field and addElement
is an instance method that adds newElement to myArray, which is full. Since the length of an
array cannot be changed after it has been created, myArray must be replaced with one that
has a length of myArray.length + 1 and then elements from the original array must be copied
to the new array. This copy operation could be done using a loop. However, Java.util.Arrays
provides a copyOf method, which creates the new array and performs the copy in a single
statement as shown in the first statement in the method below. The second statement adds
newElement as the last element in the array.
public void addElement(MyType newElement) {
myArray = Arrays.copyOf(myArray, myArray.length + 1);
myArray[myArray.length – 1] = newElement;
}
2. The advantage to keeping the array full is that it allows the use of for-each loops with the
array.
for (MyType mt : myArray)
{
// do something with each mt
}
3. In the readFile method, if you use a switch statement to determine the category, you should
use type char for the switch expression rather than String; that is, each of the case labels
should be of type char (e.g., case ‘D’: rather than type String (e.g., case “D”:).
When the switch type is String, the code coverage tool used by Web-CAT fails to detect that
the default case is covered. If category is the reference to the String that contains the
category code, then the following statement returns the category code as type char.
category.charAt(0)

PlaceholderProject: Cloud Storage – Part 2
$35.00
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